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Human lungs: important organs of the respiratory system.
Knowing the lungs of humans (summary)
The lungs are organs that are part of the respiratory system of humans. Each human being has a pair of lungs.
Gas exchanges between the blood and the environment are performed by the lungs. These gas exchanges occur in the pulmonary alveoli. In this process oxygen enters the hemoglobin of the blood and the consequent formation of oxyhemoglobin occurs. On the other hand, carbon dioxide (carbon dioxide) is released.
Vale reminds that air enters and leaves the lungs thanks to the relaxation of the diaphragm, through the process of inhalation (air intake) and exhalation (air outlet).
- They have a triangular shape.
- They are formed by bronchi that are divided into bronchioles and pulmonary alveoli.
- They are spongy in consistency.
- Each lung of an adult individual is between 23 and 27 centimeters in length.
- The lungs are divided into segments (wolves). The right lung has three wolves, while the left only two.
- The human lungs are surrounded by the pleura, a thin double membrane.
- The bases of the lungs are supported by the diaphragm.
Main diseases that can reach the lungs:
- Pulmonary emphysema
- Lung cancer