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Carlos Chagas
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Carlos Chagas

Carlos Chagas: Important Brazilian Scientist Who was Carlos Justiniano Ribeiro Chagas was an important sanitarist, bacteriologist, doctor and scientist from Minas Gerais. He was born on July 9, 1879 in the mining town of Oliveira and died on November 8, 1934 in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Important Findings Carlos Chagas made two major discoveries in studying malaria and Chagas disease.

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Pinocytosis

Cell Performing Pinocytosis Introduction (what it is and meaning) Pinocytosis is a process by which a cell eats macromolecules diluted in water. Generally, these macromolecules are proteins or polysaccharides. This process occurs in many cell types and functions as a complementary cell feeding system.
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Scabies

Sarcoptes scabiei: scabies parasite (microscope image) What is scabies, also known as scabies, is a skin infection produced by a parasite that digs tunnels under the most superficial layers of the skin, causing irritation with its waste. These mites are transmitted through contact with infected people.
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Ground pollution

Soil pollution caused by untreated sewage Introduction Soil pollution occurs through soil contamination through substances capable of causing significant changes in its natural structure. Main Causes and Consequences Substances such as waste, sewage, pesticides and other types of pollutants produced by human action cause serious effects on the environment.
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Human worms

ÁScaris lumbricoides: causative of ascariasis What they are - definition Human worms are diseases caused by worms (flatworms and nematellins) that parasitize the human body and cause some problems in the body's functioning. They usually inhabit the intestines of humans and may migrate to other parts of the body.
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Giardiasis

Giardia lamblia: protozoan cause of giardiasis Cause of the disease Giardiasis is an infection caused by the protozoan Giardia lamblia, which can be either cyst or trophozoite. Symptoms This infection can occur in both adults and children and can often be asymptomatic.
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Mumps

Child with mumps What is Mumps It is an infectious disease that causes edema in the salivary glands, which can be on either side of the jaw or just one. It is caused by the Paramyxovirus virus. This disease is more common in children already attending school. However, they may also occur in young adults who have not been vaccinated.
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Waste Recycling

Recycling Symbol Introduction - Definition The term recycling means transforming used material objects (or material waste) into new consumer products. This need has been awakened by ordinary people and rulers from the moment the benefits that recycling has for our planet have been observed.
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Leukemia

White blood cell Introduction Before we try to understand how leukemia occurs, it is interesting to know a little more about the blood as it affects the blood cells. The blood is formed in the bone marrow, being composed of blood plasma and figurative elements (red blood cells, leukocytes and platelets).
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Consequences of Soil Pollution

Soil Pollution: Cause of Various Environmental Problems Introduction Soil pollution causes various environmental problems, also affecting other segments of the environment such as springs, rivers, seas, water tables, etc. Main consequences: - The soil can be infertile for planting (defertilization); - Contamination of rivers, groundwater, springs, springs, lakes, etc; - Ecosystem imbalance through the extinction of plants and animals in the affected region; - Changes in soil density and consistency; - soil saturation; - Changes in soil typography; - Loss of natural drainage capacity; - Elevation in soil temperature when underground gas formation occurs (eg methane and carbon dioxide) - Impregnation of polluting substances; - Changes in the smell of the soil that makes up the soil; - Formation of sewage sludge on the surface; - Landslide in hills, caused by the infiltration of liquid pollutants.
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Ground contamination

Soil Contamination: A Serious Environmental Problem Soil Contamination - What it is Soil contamination is one of today's major environmental problems. For centuries man has been little concerned with the disposal of waste, chemicals and industrial waste. The result is a large amount of contaminated land that is unviable for farming or housing construction.
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Amensalism

Eucalyptus: An Example of Amensalism What it is - Definition Also known as antibiosis, amensalism is an ecological relationship of interspecific character (between different species) and disharmonic (one species favors the relation to another). In amensalism, one species (animal or plant) harms another with the purpose of obtaining benefits for itself in relation to environmental resources.
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Cerrado Biome

Cerrado Biome: vegetation with grasses and shrubs. Introduction The word Cerrado comes from Spanish and means "closed". This word attempts to name a general feature of a dense shrub and grassy vegetation with short, winding trees, which are some of the main features of this biome.
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Ecological Successions

Ecological successions: changes in biological communities Introduction - what they are, examples If we consult a Portuguese dictionary to know what a succession is, we will find something like this: series of events that follow or follow in a certain order. In this sense, ecological successions are sequential changes in both the structure and functionality of biological communities.
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Bacteria

Bacteria: Microscope Image Introduction - What They Are Bacteria have a very simple cell structure. Unlike what happens with animal and plant cells, they do not always have the same characteristics, so they vary in their shape, size, virulence, etc.
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Sporozoa

Toxoplasma gondii: sporozoan causing toxoplasmosis What they are - biological definition Sporozoans are endoparasites that have a complex life cycle, that is, they go through various stages during intracellular development. They have this name because they have special spores inside.
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Biotic and abiotic components of the ecosystem

Ecosystem: existence of biotic and abiotic components Introduction Ecosystems are characterized by the existence of several related factors. These factors or components are divided into biotic and abiotic. Biotic Components These are all living things that act in a particular ecosystem, such as animals and plants.
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Yeast

Candida albicans yeast (microscope image) What they are - biological definition Yeasts are fungi formed by only one cell (unicellular). They are not visible to the naked eye, so they can only be viewed with a microscope. Format Most yeasts are oval-shaped.
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Bacteria Filos

Bacteria: classification in several phyla Bacteria phyla: - Acidobacteria phylum - Actinobacteria phylum - Aquifere phylum - Armatimonadetes phylum - Bacteroidetes phylum - Chlamydiae phylum - Chlorobi phylum - Chloroflexi phylum - Chrysiogenetes phylum - Phylococcus Deibacterium - Phylococcus Phylum - Bacteria thermus - Dictyoglomi Phylum - Elusimicrobia Phylum - Fibrobacteria Phylum - Firmicutes Phylum - Fusobacteria Phylum - Gemmatimonadetes Phylum - Lentisphaerae Phylum - Nitrospira Phylum - Planctomycetes Phylum - Proteobacteria Phylum - Phyloistiophile Thermoses Phylohyperes - Phylobacteria Phylohyperes - Biological: - The bacterium Clostridium tetani, which causes tetanus, belongs to the phylum Firmicutes.
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Human parasites

Parasite Brugia malayi (worm): Cause of Filariasis What is parasites - biological definition Parasites are living things that extract the resources needed for their survival from other organisms. There are several species of these beings that parasitize humans. Some are harmless, but many cause serious illness.
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Microbiologist

Microbiologist: works in health, research and food What is it? The microbiologist is a biology scientist who studies microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, unicellular algae, protozoa, among others). Therefore, he is a professional who works in the field of biological knowledge known as Microbiology.
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